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Dictionary of Vexillology: I (Invected - Italian Shield)

Last modified: 2019-04-24 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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(adj) A heraldic term for where a division in the field of a banner of arms or shield, or the edge of an ordinary, is cut into a series of projecting curves or half circles strung together - that is with the half-circles facing outward and the points inward - invecked, envecked, or invecqued (see also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘banner of arms’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘engrailed’, ‘ordinary’, ‘shield’, and ‘scalloped’).

Sopøeè, Czech Republic oberhof, Switzerland oberhof, Switzerland Lazne Belohrad, Czech Republic Lazne Belohrad, Czech Republic Lazne Belohrad, Czech Republic
Flag of Sopřeč, Czech Republic (fotw); Arms and Flag of Oberhof, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw); Arms and Flag of Vestre Slidre, Norway (fotw); Flag of Lázně Bělohrad, Czech Republic (fotw)

1) On flags a term which may be used when a charge or charges, that are (or that may be) orientated vertically, are shown as being turned upside down (see also ‘chevron’, ‘pall’ and ‘pile’).
2) In heraldry see ‘reversed 2)’.

Cirkulane, Slovenia Cirkulane, Slovenia Menarguens, Spain
Flag and Arms of Cirkulane, Slovenia (fotw); Flag of Menàrguens, Spain (fotw)

See ‘chevron 1)’ and ‘chevron 2)’.

Marsaskala, Malta
Flag of Birżebbuġa, Malta (fotw)

See ‘pall 1)’.

Knjaževac, Serbia
Flag of Knjaževac, Serbia (fotw)

See ‘pile 1)’.

inverted pile inverted pile
Arms and Flag of Šárovcova Lhota, Czech Rep. (fotw)

See ‘triangle’.

[Gay triangle flag]
A Gay Triangle Flag (fotw)

See ‘St. Patrick's Cross’ and its following note..

[St. Patrick's Cross]

The term (derived from an originally Prussian later German military decoration) that describes a distinctly Germanic form of the cross pattee – see ‘cross pattée’ and ‘Teutonic cross’ (also ‘balkenkreuz’ and ‘Hanseatic cross’).

[Iron Cross] [German Naval Jack] [German Admiral] [Prussian War Ensign]
Iron Cross 1939-45; Naval Jack 1903–1919 (fotw); Admiral’s Flag, Germany (fotw); War Ensign 1818 – 1867, Prussia (fotw)

The above term should only be used when the cross pattée being described is black and carries a white or silver border and/or is of Germanic origin.
b) Although based upon a military decoration this cross was ultimately derived from the symbol of the Medieval Teutonic Order as referenced above.

The heraldic term used when a charge emerges out of the base of a field or a chief, from an ordinary or from the upper edge of a fess, or from a coronet. – issant – but see note below and ‘naissant’ (also ‘charge 1)’, ‘chief’, ‘coronet 1)’ and ‘fess’).

Givisiez, Switzerland flag - Brusy, Poland arms - Brusy, Poland Jönköping, Sweden arms - Märkisch-Oderland, Germany
Flag of Givisiez, Switzerland (fotw); Flag and Arms of Brusy, Poland (fotw); Flag of Jönköping, Sweden (fotw); Arms of Märkisch-Oderland, Germany (fotw)

Please note that the correct English heraldic term for a charge or figure emerging from the side of a shield, banner of arms or a flag is ‘naissant’.

See ‘provincial crown 1)’.

Italian provincial crown Italian provincial crown
Flag and Arms of Alessandria, Italy (fotw and ICH)

The term sometimes used to describe a shield of the decorative, post-medieval type most often seen in Italian personal and civic heraldry but see note below - a horse-head shield.

horse-head shield
The Arms of Messina, Italy (ita24)

Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.

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