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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Statant - Stayed Mast)

Last modified: 2019-04-26 by rob raeside
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STATANT
The heraldic term used when an animal is depicted on all four feet standing still whilst facing the dexter (see also ‘dexter’).

[statant example] Morkov, Czech Republic Morkov, Czech Republic Morkov, Czech Republic Morkov, Czech Republic Morkov, Czech Republic
Flag of Hammerfest, Norway (fotw); Arms and flag of Ferrel, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Mořkov, Czech Republic (fotw); Arms and Flag of Morαvka, Czech Republic (fotw)


STATE ARMS (or COAT OF ARMS)
See under ‘arms’.

[Australia arms]  [South Australia arms]
National Arms of Australia (ICH); Arms of The State of South Australia (ICH)


STATE COLOURS (or COLORS)
1) See ‘national colours’.
2) A special mark of distinction carried by some foot regiments of the British Brigade of Guards – but see ‘second colour’ (also 'colour 2)', ‘colours 2)’ and ‘royal standard 3)’).
3) The colours selected by a sub-national entity – particularly if the entity is called a “state” - as representative of that entity - landesfarben (see also ‘livery colours’, ‘state flag 2)’, ‘state symbols 2)’ and ‘sub-national flag’).
4) In US military usage a term, now obsolete, for one of the colours carried by a unit of state militia or volunteers (usually when mustered into federal service) as the second colour along with a national colour of the same design as that used by regiments of the regular army.

[State colours]  [State colours]  [State colours]  [State colours]  [State colours]
National Colours of Italy, the US, France and Poland; Colours of the State of New Mexico, US


STATE EMBLEM
See ‘emblem state, or national or royal’ under ‘emblem’.

[State emblem] [State emblem]
State Emblem of Turkmenistan (fotw); State/National Emblem of North Korea (fotw)


STATE ENSIGN
1) See ‘government ensign’ under 'ensign'.
2) A term used to denote that flag flown on vessels operated by the government agencies of a sub national entity – but see ‘admiralty flag 2)’ (also ‘state flag 2)’) .

[State ensign - Belgium] [State ensign - Hamburg]
State/Government Ensign of Belgium (fotw); State Ensign of Hamburg, Germany (fotw)


STATE FLAG
1) A variant of the national flag (or occasionally a completely different design) which is restricted by law or custom (theoretically or actually) to use by a country's government, and can often differ from the national flag by the addition of a coat of arms or emblem – the government flag or federal service flag (see also ‘civil flag’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘emblem, national’ and ‘national flag’, together with ‘government ensign’ and ‘naval ensign’ listed under ‘ensign’).
2) The flag of a territorial sub-division within a country, especially when that subdivision is called a “state”. To avoid confusion with 1) however, such a flag should normally be more precisely referred to as “the flag of the state of” (see also ‘anti-heraldry’, ‘military crest’, ‘seal’, ‘state arms 3)’ under ‘arms’, ‘state colours 3)’ ‘state ensign 2)’ ‘state service flag’ and ‘sub-national flag’).

[Lithuania] [Austria] [Peru] [Tennessee]
State Flag of Lithuania (fotw); Federal Service Flag of Austria (fotw); State Flag of Peru (fotw); Flag of the State of Tennessee, US (Graham Bartram)


STATE MILITARY CREST
See ‘military crest’.

[Nebraska crest]
State Military Crest of Nebraska, US (fotw)


STATE SEAL
1) See ‘seal of the state of’.
2) See ‘seal’.

[Utah seal] [Northern Marianas seal]
Seal of the State of Utah, US (fotw); State Seal of the Northern Mariana Islands (fotw)


STATE SERVICE FLAG
1) A term describing those flags of particularly (but not exclusively) German or Austrian states - or Länder - that are intended for official as opposed to civil use (see also ‘ceremonial flag 1)’, ‘official flag 2)’, ‘state flag 2)’ and ‘sub-national flag’ with following notes).
2) See ‘federal service flag’.

[State Service Flag of Saxony] [Civil Flag of Saxony] [State Service Flag of Styria] [Civil Flag of Styria]
The State Service Flag and Civil Flag of Saxony, Germany; The State Service Flag and Civil Flag of Styria, Austria (fotw)


STATE SYMBOLS
1) See ‘national symbols’.
2) Those things, often established by law, which have been adopted as being symbolic of a sub-national entity particularly when that entity is called a state, these may include the flag of the state, and the state coat of arms or emblem, the state colours and possibly a motto, a plant, an animal and/or a bird etc (see also ‘national symbols’ and ‘state colours 2)’).

[New Mexico state symbol] [New Mexico state symbol] [New Mexico state symbol] [New Mexico state symbol] [New Mexico state symbol]
Some Symbols of the State of New Mexico, US: Flag of the State, State Colours, State Seal. State Bird - Road Runner, State Flower – Yucca (fotw, Official Website and CS)


STATE WAR FLAG (or STATE WAR ENSIGN)
A direct translations of the German term Reichskriegsflagge, and referring to the war flags in use from 1935 to 1945 - see ‘war flag 1)’ and ‘war flag 2)’.

[New Mexico state symbol]  [New Mexico state symbol]
Reichskriegsflaggen/State War Flags of Germany 1935 – 1938 and 1938 – 1945 (fotw)


STAYED MAST
A heavy high mast supported by means of stay cables. Stayed masts are often erected at sea training establishments with proper main and top yards for seamanship training purposes or at yacht clubs, and are fitted with a main yard gaff for the hoisting of an ensign (see also ‘ensign’, ‘gaff’, ‘peak’, ‘sailor’s mast’ and ‘yard’).

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